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Pregnancy After 35: What You Need to Know

Are you planning to get pregnant anytime soon? Well, whether you’re trying for pregnancy after 35 or just making some plans for the future, there are a few things you need to know before you make this crucial decision.

It can be harder for you to get pregnant when you’re in your late 30s. This is because fertility starts to decline as you age, and it declines even faster in your 30s. As your ovaries get older, the number and quality of eggs dwindle. While it is often more difficult to conceive after 35, it certainly isn’t impossible. Many women deliver healthy babies, even in their 40s. However, you should be well-equipped with all the challenges you might have to face during this time.

Consider the Risks Involved

The reason why there’s always a debate going on about using 35 as the cutoff age for fertility can be seen in the National Vital Statistics Reports by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

In 2018, the birth rates were as follows:

  • Women aged 35-39 years – 52.6 births per 1,000 women
  • Women aged 40-44 years – 11 births per 1,000 women

This is why it becomes so important to note the risks involved and improve your chances of having a pregnancy after 35. While health conditions can take a toll on a person’s health as they age, certain health conditions can cause complications before and during pregnancy.

Risks of pregnancy after 35 include:

  1. Gestational diabetes: It is a kind of diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. It causes high blood sugar levels that can affect your pregnancy and your child’s health. Controlling blood sugar levels can keep you and your fetus healthy and prevent any complications that may arise during labor.
  2. High blood pressure: This condition is more common in older women, and it develops during pregnancy. The force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels is high and needs to be monitored carefully. Your doctor may prescribe you medications to control it, and there’s a possibility that you might have to deliver the baby before your due date to avoid complications.
  3. Chromosomal abnormalities: Certain birth defects or chromosomal abnormalities can occur when the mother is older than 35. An example is Down’s syndrome, the incidence of which increases from 1 in 1,250 births at age 25 to 1 in 400 births at age 35. These abnormalities can be diagnosed early in the pregnancy with the help of various screening tests.
  4. Multiple births: The possibility of having a multiple pregnancy increases with age due to hormonal changes and certain fertility treatments (such as IVF). This can often cause problems during pregnancy like premature birth, gestational diabetes, and affect the development of your baby.
  5. Preeclampsia: It is a pregnancy complication that usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy and is characterized by high blood pressure. It often leads to serious complications for both mother and baby. Certain telltale signs of preeclampsia include changes in vision, severe headaches, and protein in the urine.

How Can You Improve Your Chances of Having a Healthy Baby?

Age is just a number! If you plan or hope to experience pregnancy after 35, you should see a doctor for a preconception checkup. To help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, your doctor will help you find the best prenatal vitamins and ask you to make certain lifestyle changes.

Keep yourself healthy with these basic practices:

  1. Get yourself treated for any health conditions (such as diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.) that you’ve been suffering from. If you take any medications, let your doctor know about them. Your doctor may change your medications depending upon what’s safer during pregnancy.
  2. Getting regular prenatal care is vital for the baby’s development. Your doctor or midwife will monitor your health and your baby’s health carefully during prenatal visits. If there’s anything that concerns you, let your them know about it.
  3. Maintaining a healthy diet that consists of fresh fruits and vegetables is essential. Avoid eating fried, fatty foods, and foods high in sugars. Consider taking a multivitamin with 400 mcg of folic acid every day. “Taking folic acid before and during pregnancy prevents the chances of birth defects that may occur in the baby’s brain and spine,” says Dr. Mae Jemison, senior consultant gynecologist at Hisblue. “Folic acid adds an extra layer of protection for older women. However, you shouldn’t take more than 1,000 mcg of folic acid without consulting your doctor, ”she adds on.
  4. Work out regularly and stay active. It can boost your energy levels and improve your overall well-being.
  5. If you’re overweight or underweight, consider getting to a healthy weight. You’re likely to have certain problems during pregnancy if you weigh too much or too little.
  6. Avoid drinking alcohol and other risky substances such as drugs, tobacco, etc. If you find trouble quitting any of these, tell your doctor or midwife about it.
  7. Manage your stress levels so that it doesn’t affect your pregnancy. Engage yourself in mindfulness and deep breathing exercises such as meditation to put your mind at ease.

Final Thoughts

Getting pregnant after 35 can be challenging, but it is still possible to have healthy babies. If you’re trying to get pregnant, make sure that you feel ready. You obviously cannot prevent yourself from getting older. But what you can do is take good care of yourself by making healthy choices such as eating well, exercising regularly, and avoiding risky substances such as drugs and alcohol that may be detrimental to your pregnancy and your baby’s health. Don’t miss out on your prenatal appointments as it will help create a pregnancy plan that’s right for you.

If you have trouble getting pregnant, there are various treatment options available such as hormone therapy, in vitro fertilization (IVF), artificial insemination, etc. that can help you have a healthy pregnancy. The sooner you start the treatment, the more likely it is that the treatment will be successful.

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